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Author Topic:   Big Bang or Big Dud? A study of Cosmology and Cosmogony - Origins
TrueCreation
Inactive Member


Message 1 of 94 (2638)
01-21-2002 9:13 PM


Discussion of the various aspects of Cosmology (the structure of the Universe) and Cosmogony (The history of the Universe) what does the evidence point to? While we still pretty much know next to nothing in the feild of the studies of the astrophysical realm in the universe, what does it point to? What are the theories on the Big Bang, is it valid and what is it missing, is it simply a 'Dud'? This is the study of the universal (Origins).
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joz
Inactive Member


Message 2 of 94 (2681)
01-23-2002 7:58 AM


Reposting from the every evolutionist... thread.
quote:
Originally posted by TrueCreation:
Yes I am aware of that, I should have emphesized, I was making you aware that I am familiar with the red shift as well as the existance of the blue shift.
But bud you got the causal relationship round the wrong way. A causes B is a different statement to B causes A.
quote:
What would you mean? This was a reference from the bible as it says all through it that when God created the heavens he 'streched' them. I guess a scientific account would be the theory of an expanding universe.
Ah so is that where we are to look for scientific accounts of phenomena from a creationist standpoint? A religious tract?
You said that the Hubble red shift could be explained (to tie in with a special creation ex nihilo 4,500 years ago presumably) by a stretching of the heavens. Since current cosmological models based on an expanding universe give an age of somewhat more than 4,500 years please explain where I can read about this stretching of the heavens as a scientific theory.

Replies to this message:
 Message 3 by TrueCreation, posted 01-24-2002 11:26 AM joz has replied

  
TrueCreation
Inactive Member


Message 3 of 94 (2710)
01-24-2002 11:26 AM
Reply to: Message 2 by joz
01-23-2002 7:58 AM


"But bud you got the causal relationship round the wrong way. A causes B is a different statement to B causes A."
--I was simply making you aware that I know that there is a 'blue shift' as well as a red shift, as I get very ignorant criticism that somehow that ther is a blue shift is relevant. I was attempting to avoid a pointless argument as it would being about.
"Ah so is that where we are to look for scientific accounts of phenomena from a creationist standpoint? A religious tract?"
--This is not at all what I am doing, the science upholds the bible, the bible doesn't uphold the science, which is the problem with why people think that creation science isn't science because they think we assume the bible to be infallable. Though this is not so, we simply look at what the facts are, and in this case, the bible seems accurate in today's knowledge.
"You said that the Hubble red shift could be explained (to tie in with a special creation ex nihilo 4,500 years ago presumably) by a stretching of the heavens."
--I am awaiting a book starlight and time in which i'll have to see what some theories on it are.
"Since current cosmological models based on an expanding universe give an age of somewhat more than 4,500 years please explain where I can read about this stretching of the heavens as a scientific theory."
--I think there are two parts to this question, 'Since current cosmological models based on an expanding universe give an age of somewhat more than 4,500 years please explain' and 'where I can read about this stretching of the heavens as a scientific theory'.
--As for the first, The expanding universe's age uses the assumption that the way it is expanding today is how it has always been expanding, similar to the assumption thrown into radioisotope dating. You could assume that it was going much faster earlier and you could figure it fit with 4500 years. Though this would assume an age of 4,500 years, but really how else can you calculate it, without knowing its deceleration rate or even being there when it was going faster. Thus it is widely out of the realm of science. For the second part, where can you read about the 'stretching of the heavens as a scientific theory', I am not sure what you mean by 'as a scientific theory' as I have shown you what my reference was for 'the stretching of the heavens' to be throughout the bible.
------------------

This message is a reply to:
 Message 2 by joz, posted 01-23-2002 7:58 AM joz has replied

Replies to this message:
 Message 4 by joz, posted 01-24-2002 12:30 PM TrueCreation has replied

  
joz
Inactive Member


Message 4 of 94 (2714)
01-24-2002 12:30 PM
Reply to: Message 3 by TrueCreation
01-24-2002 11:26 AM


quote:
Originally posted by TrueCreation:
1)I was simply making you aware that I know that there is a 'blue shift' as well as a red shift, as I get very ignorant criticism that somehow that ther is a blue shift is relevant. I was attempting to avoid a pointless argument as it would being about.
2)As for the first, The expanding universe's age uses the assumption that the way it is expanding today is how it has always been expanding, similar to the assumption thrown into radioisotope dating. You could assume that it was going much faster earlier and you could figure it fit with 4500 years. Though this would assume an age of 4,500 years, but really how else can you calculate it, without knowing its deceleration rate or even being there when it was going faster. Thus it is widely out of the realm of science.
3)For the second part, where can you read about the 'stretching of the heavens as a scientific theory', I am not sure what you mean by 'as a scientific theory' as I have shown you what my reference was for 'the stretching of the heavens' to be throughout the bible.

1)you said Hubble shift caused a Doppler effect (take another look at your post if you don`t believe me) I corrected you saying that you had the relationship round the wrong way and the Doppler effect caused the Hubble shift. Blue or red it makes no difference to the fact that the Doppler effect causes Hubble shift not vice versa....
2)Actually modern cosmological models do contain a rate of deceleration from an early faster than light expansion (allowed by General Relativity due to high gravitational potentials) its using these models that the age of 12-14 billion years was derived, quite different to 4,500 years.... A model that would allow an age of 4,500 years would not work mathmaticaly (added by edit (at least not if General Relativity holds)).
So we don`t assume its constant...
3)"As a scientific theory" with evidence and potential falsifications (would be nice), presented as a mathematical model (essential).... what did you think?
a)Where in the bible? you didn`t give a chapter and verse and I`m not gonna trawl through it to find em...
b)Where else but in the bible?
[This message has been edited by joz, 01-24-2002]

This message is a reply to:
 Message 3 by TrueCreation, posted 01-24-2002 11:26 AM TrueCreation has replied

Replies to this message:
 Message 6 by TrueCreation, posted 01-25-2002 6:20 PM joz has replied

  
TrueCreation
Inactive Member


Message 6 of 94 (2774)
01-25-2002 6:20 PM
Reply to: Message 4 by joz
01-24-2002 12:30 PM


"you said Hubble shift caused a Doppler effect (take another look at your post if you don`t believe me) I corrected you saying that you had the relationship round the wrong way and the Doppler effect caused the Hubble shift. Blue or red it makes no difference to the fact that the Doppler effect causes Hubble shift not vice versa...."
--I see what you are commenting on now, and yes you are right, forgive my incorrect wording.
"Actually modern cosmological models do contain a rate of deceleration from an early faster than light expansion (allowed by General Relativity due to high gravitational potentials) its using these models that the age of 12-14 billion years was derived, quite different to 4,500 years.... A model that would allow an age of 4,500 years would not work mathmaticaly (added by edit (at least not if General Relativity holds)).
So we don`t assume its constant..."
--Very interesting indeed, do you have a source? I have not encountered it as being anything than a calculation from its present rate, discluding any known deceleration.
"As a scientific theory" with evidence and potential falsifications (would be nice), presented as a mathematical model (essential).... what did you think?
--I seem to still be missing what you are asking, I wasn't revering to a scientific theory accept that we know it is evident that the universe is expanding, ie, everything seems to be moving away from us. I would like to give you evidence and potential falsifications, but for what? Emphesize?
"Where in the bible? you didn`t give a chapter and verse and I`m not gonna trawl through it to find em..."
--I find biblegateway.com to be a very good source for quick chapter, verse, and word lookups, and in so looking up 'stretched the heavens' in the word search this is what you get, 7 seperate references throughout the bible: Gospel.Com Link
[Shortened too-long link. --Admin]
"Where else but in the bible?"
--With the exact or simmilar wording 'stretching of the heavens' I don't know, but this is consistant with an 'expanding universe'.
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[This message has been edited by Admin, 07-14-2002]

This message is a reply to:
 Message 4 by joz, posted 01-24-2002 12:30 PM joz has replied

Replies to this message:
 Message 7 by mark24, posted 01-25-2002 7:36 PM TrueCreation has replied
 Message 11 by joz, posted 01-26-2002 8:45 PM TrueCreation has not replied

  
mark24
Member (Idle past 5274 days)
Posts: 3857
From: UK
Joined: 12-01-2001


Message 7 of 94 (2784)
01-25-2002 7:36 PM
Reply to: Message 6 by TrueCreation
01-25-2002 6:20 PM


TC & Joz,
Regarding the expansion period of the universe. So far as I'm aware, the speed of light has remained the same relative to the universe, it's the universe that expanded, much, much faster than light. This is called inflation & happened very quickly in the first seconds of the universe.
http://www.sciam.com/1998/0398cosmos/0398linde.html
There are no parts I can really quote, but it's interesting stuff.
Mark
------------------
Occam's razor is not for shaving with.
[This message has been edited by mark24, 01-25-2002]

This message is a reply to:
 Message 6 by TrueCreation, posted 01-25-2002 6:20 PM TrueCreation has replied

Replies to this message:
 Message 8 by TrueCreation, posted 01-26-2002 1:54 AM mark24 has replied

  
TrueCreation
Inactive Member


Message 8 of 94 (2798)
01-26-2002 1:54 AM
Reply to: Message 7 by mark24
01-25-2002 7:36 PM


"Regarding the expansion period of the universe. So far as I'm aware, the speed of light has remained the same relative to the universe, it's the universe that expanded, much, much faster than light. This is called inflation & happened very quickly in the first seconds of the universe."
--I am aware of this theory and have read up a little on its implications being according to theory a happening taken place in the first 10-35 to 10-33. 'However, whether inflation is correct or not, it cannot be the case that every initial configuration would hae led to a universe similar to the one we observe, Indeed, even if inflation solves the fine-tuning problem we are still left with the singularity problem, the frustration of not being able to describe the initial state of the universe.' God Time & Stephen Hawking - An exploration into origins, David Walkinson pages 97-98.
"There are no parts I can really quote, but it's interesting stuff."
--I find it interesting also, as it seems to emphesize quite a bit on the theological implications of the inflation theories.
------------------

This message is a reply to:
 Message 7 by mark24, posted 01-25-2002 7:36 PM mark24 has replied

Replies to this message:
 Message 9 by mark24, posted 01-26-2002 8:51 AM TrueCreation has replied

  
mark24
Member (Idle past 5274 days)
Posts: 3857
From: UK
Joined: 12-01-2001


Message 9 of 94 (2813)
01-26-2002 8:51 AM
Reply to: Message 8 by TrueCreation
01-26-2002 1:54 AM


quote:
Originally posted by TrueCreation:
"Regarding the expansion period of the universe. So far as I'm aware, the speed of light has remained the same relative to the universe, it's the universe that expanded, much, much faster than light. This is called inflation & happened very quickly in the first seconds of the universe."
--I am aware of this theory and have read up a little on its implications being according to theory a happening taken place in the first 10-35 to 10-33. 'However, whether inflation is correct or not, it cannot be the case that every initial configuration would hae led to a universe similar to the one we observe, Indeed, even if inflation solves the fine-tuning problem we are still left with the singularity problem, the frustration of not being able to describe the initial state of the universe.' God Time & Stephen Hawking - An exploration into origins, David Walkinson pages 97-98.
"There are no parts I can really quote, but it's interesting stuff."
--I find it interesting also, as it seems to emphesize quite a bit on the theological implications of the inflation theories.

The singularity problem is done away with. The vacuum fluctuations interact with a scalar field to produce inflation, or not. It depends where the vacuum fluctuation occurs, & the value of the scalar fields at that point.
http://www.sciam.com/1998/0398cosmos/0398linde.html
"One just considers all possible kinds and values of scalar fields in the early universe and then checks to see if any of them leads to inflation. Those places where inflation does not occur remain small. Those domains where inflation takes place become exponentially large and dominate the total volume of the universe. Because the scalar fields can take arbitrary values in the early universe, I called this scenario chaotic inflation.
In many ways, chaotic inflation is so simple that it is hard to understand why the idea was not discovered sooner. I think the reason was purely psychological. The glorious successes of the big bang theory hypnotized cosmologists. We assumed that the entire universe was created at the same moment, that initially it was hot and that the scalar field from the beginning resided close to the minimum of its potential energy. Once we began relaxing these assumptions, we immediately found that inflation is not an exotic phenomenon invoked by theorists for solving their problems. It is a general regime that occurs in a wide class of theories of elementary particles.
That a rapid stretching of the universe can simultaneously resolve many difficult cosmological problems may seem too good to be true. Indeed, if all inhomogeneities were stretched away, how did galaxies form? The answer is that while removing previously existing inhomogeneities, inflation at the same time made new ones.
These inhomogeneities arise from quantum effects. According to quantum mechanics, empty space is not entirely empty. The vacuum is filled with small quantum fluctuations. These fluctuations can be regarded as waves, or undulations in physical fields. The waves have all possible wavelengths and move in all directions. We cannot detect these waves, because they live only briefly and are microscopic.
In the inflationary universe the vacuum structure becomes even more complicated. Inflation rapidly stretches the waves. Once their wavelengths become sufficiently large, the undulations begin to "feel" the curvature of the universe. At this moment, they stop moving because of the viscosity of the scalar field (recall that the equations describing the field contain a friction term)."
Check the date of the Hawking quote, I think you'll find this theory supercedes the last.
Mark
------------------
Occam's razor is not for shaving with.
[This message has been edited by mark24, 01-26-2002]

This message is a reply to:
 Message 8 by TrueCreation, posted 01-26-2002 1:54 AM TrueCreation has replied

Replies to this message:
 Message 10 by TrueCreation, posted 01-26-2002 6:55 PM mark24 has replied

  
TrueCreation
Inactive Member


Message 10 of 94 (2931)
01-26-2002 6:55 PM
Reply to: Message 9 by mark24
01-26-2002 8:51 AM


"The singularity problem is done away with. The vacuum fluctuations interact with a scalar field to produce inflation, or not. It depends where the vacuum fluctuation occurs, & the value of the scalar fields at that point."
--This is the singularity problem as depicted by David Walkinson.
quote:
First, at a singularity therer is infinite density and infinite curvature of space-time. General relativity is unable to cope with this infinity and predicts its downfall, that is, the theory breaks down at the singularity. Second, general relativity as a theory is inconsistent with quantum theory. General relativity, which is extremely successful in describing the large-scale structure of the universe, needs to specify mass and its position in order to then describe the geometery and rate of flow of time. At a singularity where the gravitational field is so strong, and the whole universe is so small that it is on the atomic scale of quantum theory, it is believed that quantum effects should be important. Quantum theory, however, says that you can never know both the mass and position without an intrinsic uncertainty. You cannot have both general relativity and quantum theory to describe a situation.
The singularity problem therefor is that general relativity is unable to give a description of the singularity, or in other words, the initial conditions of the expansion of the universe. To put it another way, present scientific theories are unable to predict what will come out of the singularity. They can describe the subsequent expantion but are unable to reach back beyond the age of 10 -43 seconds to zero.
--Former NASA astrophysicist Robert Jastrow captures the mood: 'For the scientist who has lived by his faith in the power of reason, the story ends like a bad dream. He has scaled the mountain of ignorance; he is about to conquer the highest peak; and as he pulls himself over the final rock, he is greeted by a band of theologians who have been sitting there for centuries.'
"Check the date of the Hawking quote, I think you'll find this theory supercedes the last."
--Actually this book is sort of a 'response' to the theory of inflation along with many other aspcts of Big Bang Cosmology. The Book was published in 2001. I was unable to locate a date for the link you gave.
------------------

This message is a reply to:
 Message 9 by mark24, posted 01-26-2002 8:51 AM mark24 has replied

Replies to this message:
 Message 12 by mark24, posted 01-31-2002 9:09 AM TrueCreation has replied

  
joz
Inactive Member


Message 11 of 94 (2942)
01-26-2002 8:45 PM
Reply to: Message 6 by TrueCreation
01-25-2002 6:20 PM


quote:
Originally posted by TrueCreation:
1)I see what you are commenting on now, and yes you are right, forgive my incorrect wording.
2)Very interesting indeed, do you have a source? I have not encountered it as being anything than a calculation from its present rate, discluding any known deceleration.
3)I seem to still be missing what you are asking, I wasn't revering to a scientific theory accept that we know it is evident that the universe is expanding, ie, everything seems to be moving away from us. I would like to give you evidence and potential falsifications, but for what? Emphesize?

1)At last .....
2)Its called Einsteins theory of general relativity....
Basicaly up to a cerain density the gravitational potentials in the early universe permited faster than light expansion of space between galaxies (note galaxies don`t move the space between them stretches) below a certain critical density this faster than light expansion is not possible. You can make a mathmatical model that gives an age of between 8 and 30 billion years for the age of the universe (depending on which starting conditions you use) (note the 90% of the mass is missing argument would be shooting yourself in the foot here as you need more mass to allow faster than light expansion for a longer period). Also note that 8 billion is rather more than 4,500 years....
3)Well you assert an age for the universe of 4,500 (or something of that order) years and seem to accept Hubble shift so i guess what i am asking for is a mathmatical model of the expansion of the universe that gives an age of 4,500 years and incorperates the Hubble shift ....

This message is a reply to:
 Message 6 by TrueCreation, posted 01-25-2002 6:20 PM TrueCreation has not replied

  
mark24
Member (Idle past 5274 days)
Posts: 3857
From: UK
Joined: 12-01-2001


Message 12 of 94 (3191)
01-31-2002 9:09 AM
Reply to: Message 10 by TrueCreation
01-26-2002 6:55 PM


TC,
Regarding the lack of singularity problem. "Universes can literally spring into existence as a quantum fluctuation of Nothing. This is because the positive energy found in matter is balanced against the negative energy of gravity, so the total energy of a bubble is zero. Thus, it takes no net energy to create a new universe."
http://www.flash.net/~csmith0/bigbang.htm
So, in summary, universe begats universe. Vacuum fluctuation react with scalar fields which may/may not lead to inflation. The mass & energy of a universe being born of a quantum bubble, with a net energy of zero.
This also postulates a timeless universe.
Mark
------------------
Occam's razor is not for shaving with.
[This message has been edited by mark24, 02-01-2002]

This message is a reply to:
 Message 10 by TrueCreation, posted 01-26-2002 6:55 PM TrueCreation has replied

Replies to this message:
 Message 13 by TrueCreation, posted 02-01-2002 11:22 PM mark24 has replied
 Message 43 by forgiven, posted 11-22-2002 5:30 PM mark24 has not replied

  
TrueCreation
Inactive Member


Message 13 of 94 (3290)
02-01-2002 11:22 PM
Reply to: Message 12 by mark24
01-31-2002 9:09 AM


I am aware of this postulate, I read a basic model out of David Walkinson's God Time & Stephen Hawking. This sertainly seems plausable, as if an equal amount of anti-matter and matter coming out of nothing, but I think the problem consists of the cause of such a thing happening.
------------------

This message is a reply to:
 Message 12 by mark24, posted 01-31-2002 9:09 AM mark24 has replied

Replies to this message:
 Message 14 by mark24, posted 02-02-2002 2:14 PM TrueCreation has replied
 Message 21 by John, posted 06-16-2002 12:20 PM TrueCreation has not replied

  
mark24
Member (Idle past 5274 days)
Posts: 3857
From: UK
Joined: 12-01-2001


Message 14 of 94 (3305)
02-02-2002 2:14 PM
Reply to: Message 13 by TrueCreation
02-01-2002 11:22 PM


quote:
Originally posted by TrueCreation:
I am aware of this postulate, I read a basic model out of David Walkinson's God Time & Stephen Hawking. This sertainly seems plausable, as if an equal amount of anti-matter and matter coming out of nothing, but I think the problem consists of the cause of such a thing happening.

Why?
------------------
Occam's razor is not for shaving with.

This message is a reply to:
 Message 13 by TrueCreation, posted 02-01-2002 11:22 PM TrueCreation has replied

Replies to this message:
 Message 15 by TrueCreation, posted 02-02-2002 6:17 PM mark24 has replied

  
TrueCreation
Inactive Member


Message 15 of 94 (3324)
02-02-2002 6:17 PM
Reply to: Message 14 by mark24
02-02-2002 2:14 PM


"Why?"
--Because this tells you how you could bring matter out of nothing, but what is going to cause this to happen? Did nothing all-of-a-sodden feel like it wanted some company and brought about some anti-matter and some matter?
Added by edit:
--What causes this Quantum fluctuation of nothing, because would it not be logical to say that if it had no cause, that it could happen anywhere, and possibly happing all the time, with no vigilance in time.
------------------
[This message has been edited by TrueCreation, 02-02-2002]

This message is a reply to:
 Message 14 by mark24, posted 02-02-2002 2:14 PM mark24 has replied

Replies to this message:
 Message 16 by joz, posted 02-03-2002 4:03 PM TrueCreation has not replied
 Message 17 by mark24, posted 02-03-2002 6:35 PM TrueCreation has not replied
 Message 19 by Mister Pamboli, posted 03-19-2002 8:27 PM TrueCreation has not replied

  
joz
Inactive Member


Message 16 of 94 (3355)
02-03-2002 4:03 PM
Reply to: Message 15 by TrueCreation
02-02-2002 6:17 PM


quote:
Originally posted by TrueCreation:
--Because this tells you how you could bring matter out of nothing, but what is going to cause this to happen? Did nothing all-of-a-sodden feel like it wanted some company and brought about some anti-matter and some matter?
--What causes this Quantum fluctuation of nothing, because would it not be logical to say that if it had no cause, that it could happen anywhere, and possibly happing all the time, with no vigilance in time.

Um it does happen all the time thats how it was observed....

This message is a reply to:
 Message 15 by TrueCreation, posted 02-02-2002 6:17 PM TrueCreation has not replied

  
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